Security Bulletin: IBM Tivoli Directory Server use of NULL ciphers in default Transport Layer Security configuration would result in unencrypted communications (CVE-2012-0726)

Flash (Alert)


Abstract

IBM Tivoli Directory Server (TDS) enables NULL-MD5 and NULL-SHA ciphers in the default Transport Layer Security (TLS) configuration. Use of either of these ciphers would result in unencrypted communications.

Content

VULNERABILITY DETAILS:

CVE ID: CVE-2012-0726

DESCRIPTION: In the default TDS environment with TLS enabled, the NULL-MD5 and NULL-SHA ciphers are enabled by default. If a client failed to negotiate a stronger cipher for the TLS session, it could default to using a either a NULL-MD5 and NULL-SHA cipher. This would result in unencrypted would leave communications effectively unencrypted.

CVSS Base Score: 6.4
CVSS Temporal Score: See http://xforce.iss.net/xforce/xfdb/74303 for the current score
CVSS Environmental Score*: Undefined
CVSS String: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N)

AFFECTED PLATFORMS: Version 6.3 and earlier

REMEDIATION:

Vendor Fix(es):

Affected
Version
APAR Fix
6.1 IO16035 6.1.0.47-ISS-ITDS-IF0047
6.2 IO16036 6.2.0.22-ISS-ITDS-IF0022
6.3 IO15761 6.3.0.11-ISS-ITDS-IF0011

Workaround(s):
    Enable Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) mode in ibmslapd ssl configuration to turn disable NULL ciphers.

    1) Put the following text into cfgFIPS.ldif

    dn: cn=SSL, cn=Configuration
    changeType: modify
    replace: ibm-slapdSslFIPSModeEnabled
    ibm-slapdSslFIPSModeEnabled: true
    -
    replace: ibm-slapdSslFIPSProcessingMode
    ibm-slapdSslFIPSProcessingMode: true


    2) ldapmodify -p <port> -D cn=root -w <pwd> -i cfgFIPS.ldif

    Then restart both ibmdiradm and ibmslapd processes.

Mitigation(s):
    No mitigation

REFERENCES:
· Complete CVSS Guide
· On-line Calculator V2
· X-Force Database
· CVE-2012-0726

RELATED INFORMATION:
· IBM Product Security Incident Response Program
· IBM Tivoli Directory Server Support

Created/Revised by Date of Creation/Update Summary of Changes
brookh 2012/04/16 created
brookh 2012/04/17 Corrected CVSS and added disclaimer

*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the Reference section of this Flash.


Note: According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an "industry open standard designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and priority of response." IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY.


Historical Number

XX04433

Product Alias/Synonym

LDAP TDS ITDS IDS

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Document information


More support for:

IBM Security Directory Server
General

Software version:

6.1, 6.2, 6.3

Operating system(s):

All Platforms

Software edition:

All Editions

Reference #:

1591272

Modified date:

2012-04-17

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