The week of Pulse begins, for the second year in a row the Automated
Operations Technical Conference is part of the overall agenda. Lots
of z content and Pulse continues to morph into a program which was
dearth of z content to well over 50 abstracts in the 3 day agenda and
mostly done by customers. Really the way to understand that all the
problems you deal with, others probably might have a handle on how
they solve them and this a great venue to see how others are handling
those similar problems. Sometimes, if you can't see outside the box
you call your cubicle, hard to envision learning how others have
adapted the systems management capability provided by Tivoli software
to solve today's problems. There are labs, demonstrations, meet the
expert sessions where the vast experience of these folks in working
with hundreds of customers can help you develop patterns, examples for
you to take back to your own enterprise. I am there with many of my
product management peers. Look me up, would like to spend time
discussing how our z portfolio can help as well as answer any questions
that might be bugging you. In the meantime, we are continuing
development on our next OMEGAMON release, want to participate and help
design the next generation of tools for performance management on
the z platform, system and subsystems. Send me an email, we will see
how we can hook you up into our customer driven development work.
for those going to NOLA for the zSystems Technology University or
European Operations Technology Conference, I will be there also,
look me up.
For Tivoli z solutions here is the link to the System z Management
community group on Developerworks.
go get registered and get the latest and greatest tidbits and advice.
I was reminded by a recent customer call that only real sysprog's use
green screens. It reminded me of a very brilliant lady who worked with
my sons teachers and to paraphrase her quote, "If you only do what you know,
you only get what you have gotten." This whole discussion was about
leveraging a Portal for system programmers as a way to provide visibility
for operations, etc. I mentioned all the portals and GUIs being deployed
for folks to manage the heterogeneous environments to which I didn't make
much of an impact on the image of portal vs greenscreen. Of course, SHARE
is coming up, Pulse is coming up, System z Tech Universities where I
watch other sysprog's and customers demonstrate and leverage portals for
operations, LOBs, end to end management. Asking the basic question,
When have you folks been to a conference lately?
How do you know what other folks are doing or available
to leverage and manage end to end solutions. In my case, I discussed
Integrated Performance Management where workload exists on multiple platforms
including the z. I think when you work so long in an environment and don't
get outside of it to smell the roses or in this case, listen and look at how
others attack problems by leveraging technologies, then you only do what you
only know and the world passes you by. Certainly, I hope sysprog's out there
in the world today can put equal value for management in both the green screen
for deep dive analysis on z platform resources and a portal for putting
non z info like zBX or linux on z or blades, datapower, end to end
transaction tracking and other not typical green screen info in a GUI where
it provides visibility across a plethora of IT resources.
For Tivoli z solutions here is the link to the System z Management
community group on Developerworks.
go get registered and get the latest and greatest tidbits and advice.
Hard to believe it is already October. Hope readers of this got at
least some vacation during the summer. Since my last post I have
been to SHARE, zExpo as well as many customer visits. At this time
the OMEGAMON family v 5.1 release now include Messaging, IMS and
Storage as well as CICS, zOS and DB2. The last of the releases,
Mainframe Networks, is about to come out the door. Many of the
companies are already in production and using the new enhanced
3270 user interface as well as the other features and functions of
the portfolio including zIIP enablement and the use of specialty
processors if they are available. I am amazed that the OEM vendors
claim that they use less MIPS because they leverage specialty processors
and leave out the fact that OMEGAMON does this also. It seems to be
that this is something they are the only vendor to provide when in fact,
that is not the case. Hopefully, when folks understand where you compare
apples to apples versus apples to starfish, OMEGAMON is not the villain
that some vendors make it out to be on MIPS usage. Most of these discussions
are what I would call a marketecture vs reality.
Meantime, on developerworks, I have placed some documentation. An updated
Parmgen reference upgrade guide, some e3270ui workspace reference layouts.
Kind of a cheat sheet to understand the layouts. Also, many of you
have taken advantage of the OMEGAMON open house events that have taken
place around the world.
Pulse is coming, March 3-6 and abstracts are being called for. We continue
to add z content to this event. This year the Automated Operations Technical
Conference will be joint located in the Pulse conference. Just like last year.
Also the Parmgen lab will be repeated.
Well, I will promise to update this a bit more regular than lately.
Here is the link to the System z Management team room on Developerworks.
go get registered and get the latest and greatest tidbits and advice.
Today Tivoli announced the OMEGAMON v5.1 CICS and z/OS products. I have been working with
customers and development for over 16 months on concepts, design and a usability. Much like
monitors that have grown up over time, Customers have asked, we need this metric, we need
that metric and the randomness of how subject matter experts perceived where this should be
viewed was almost always up to the individual developer. In deciding to change the course
and structure of the OMEGAMON portfolio, we decided we needed to talk with the system
programmers that used our tools to solve performance problems. Talk about folks that had
a lot of concerns to discuss. It wasn't about being able to view data splashes of huge
rows of data, it was about being innovative and how to organize metrics into information.
In some cases, the discussion was that we need to pull 90 thousand rows of data, then we
filter and sort all the while eating MIPS to find a single user who was hung or a single
transaction. That is the way it was done in the past, so thinking about what problem
they were trying to solve, a new find command. So don't return huge amounts of data,
simply return what I am trying to find. Most users can remember their user id. Even the
help desk folks could use this ability to free sessions and users . It was discussions
in early adopter programs and reviews with outside in design and interviews
with the SMEs that use our tools that generated what is the basis for the 5.1 releases.
The refresh of the portfolio was a little overdue and while some might think that enhancing
a green screen is a thing of the past, when you look at resource monitors across the
different technologies whether open systems or z, updates are always appreciated. There
is up and coming work for more early adopters programs and designs for this brand and
we will continue to enhance and deliver the changes required for SMEs for today's problems.
Here is an opportunity for system programmers responsible for solving today's performance problems on today's systems to
work with development to help design a tool that solves what they need to accomplish. Over
100 pieces of feedback went into these releases. We reviewed every month with the customers
who recommend changes in the design, metrics, use cases. One customers said he needed to
be able to work with web services. Agile means that bubbled to the top on the priority list
and was delivered in this CICS 5.1 release. I encourage others that as we update the
other branded OMEGAMONs and even start work on the next phase of CICS and z/OS that you
participate. Make sure that Tivoli is working to deliver tools that you find effective and
will solve today's performance problems. It is somewhat easy to add metrics, but innovation is using KPI data
and changing it to information to streamline how you solve problems and that is an important
part of the discussion that are ongoing with our agile development work. Most of today's
monitors were built awhile ago. Some are older than the young system programmer using them to
try and solve problems. Leveraging your knowledge and being innovative is a better path. While
looking at the past, we can make effective changes to revise and change the design the tools
you require for the job of the future. SME designed tools for SMEs that Tivoli builds and delivers. Neat.
If your at Pulse or SHARE, there are demos and presentations available and look me up. I will
be at both.
Are you stuck in the 80's? or is everything you ever needed to know to manage the z platform was
something that you learned awhile ago and that is all you ever will need to use? Why do I mention
this? Well I was talking with a long time zOS IT person who was debating with me about availability.
The bottom line of the discussion was that anything that did not run in zOS and not native to the
platform was not reliable enough for today's business requirements. Not z/VM with Linux on z,
not any distributed servers, etc. etc. I would say a lot has changed since the 80's. Today I see
many customers running business apps on z/VM and linux on z and providing high availability and
of course the DR capability on those applications. Products like Systems Automation for Multi Platform
from Tivoli provides this high availability and automation requirements. In combination with
Tivoli Systems Automation, these two products are key to the coming active active capabilities that
customers are going to be using for HA. Unlike the 80's, there is technology to improve and
move other platforms and systems to the 99.999 type of availability concerns that zOS is known for.
When I had the discussion, it would seem that information that is available, white papers
or analyst reviews were not being discounted, they were not being read. So instead of keeping
up with new technologies or strategies for the data centers, the perception was that nothing has
changed in several decades, so how it works in the 80's, is how it should work now. This would
assume that all IT persona's need the same view of tools or processes and limits the effectiveness
of improving the overall FTE time, TCO and ROI of the staff. Sometimes when you are working in
an Enterprise and never quite step out to get new information, education, then you rely on your old
tried and true memories. In the end, solutions that would help manage the z that required tools,
or historical data and did not run on zOS native were not considered as choices because of the
perception of not meeting the high availability concerns. It is interesting in this day and age
that with virtualization that companies as well as IBM run using z/VM that this idea of
high availability can not be achieved could be prevalent. Some where down the line, enterprises
that are stuck in the 80's may be a candidate to be outsourced to a service provider who understands
how to reduce the cost of transactions, improve processes and move to service delivery. How about
your senior members? Are you taking advantage of new thinking and modern technologies?
A couple of items for those folks that follow my rambling. There is a conference call presentation
on May 26th on the new release of NetView 6.1. A lot of neat features and work has gone into the new
release including a new logging feature where as a sysprog, you can look and read the many logs from
a single screen. A lot of integration work was done between NetView and OMEGAMON XE for Mainframe Networks such
as launching a trace from MfN using NetView. As your shops move to zEnterprise and your looking for how
the performance is running on your internode or interensemble networks across your environment. There is
also a zSummit roadshow moving around the US. Next in Chicago on May 25th and Columbus on June 8th. A
excellent way to get yourself prepared for the new computing platform. I had a great discussion in
Vienna at the about getting virtualized. In the brave new world, the move up the management stack would
from resource management views of the day to day tasks to a new services or update services management
view. This is how customers are bridging across the current pillars of operation. Now it seems the lessons
of breaking down the pillars is again starting up with the decisions of using different vendors hypervisors.
The view of now using different vendors hypervisors would limit how you could move workload around in
your virtual data center. So reuse, cost of computing goals will be harder to do. A good case for z/VM
in this environment is still security, scale, cost, reduced power, reduced number of servers required, etc.
So in the new frontier or old computing model that we are calling Cloud, are the decisions the IT shop
is making enabling the move of workload across the elasticity of a virtual environment actually ensuring
that this will work or are you using several different vendors hypervisors based on legacy of the
hardware installed or resources and building a new bunch of silos where we again get focus on the technology
versus the services you are trying to provide.
So for those folks going to zSymposium in Vienna, please look me up as I will be there covering a topic
entitled "the new Virtualized Data Center". It seems as IT organizations move to use virtualization to
save costs, floor space all those benefits, some groups run on their own so instead of having a virtualized
platform, they end up creating even more silo's with in the IT groups. A lot of choices out there for
hypervisors, OS support, etc. A lot of good data on why zVM and linux on z is the most cost effective if
your IT shop has z/VM. Another thing for our OMEGAMON XE users is that we have been working on a
performance tuning document. I always chuckle when I listen to all the hype about a vendors claim
about how they use less MIPS then a Tivoli solution. The concern that I see is that the
depth and breadth of what is monitored is in the eye of the system programmers. When you actually get
down to getting the research or comparable apple to apple monitoring, much of it is the same, one
monitor might be less on z/OS, but use more with monitoring CICS. The approach seems to be to discuss
one monitor where it might be true, but then use that to justify all the monitors. There is a point
where in most cases, a full suite of performance monitors for the zOS systems and subsystems including
z/VM and Linux are not available from most vendors like they are with OMEGAMON. For this reason, systems that were installed
5 years ago or even last year, still need to be tuned as z platforms change. The field technical support
folks who travel and work with customers to help reduce MIPS consumption by doing health checks on
the production level z using the OMEGAMON portfolio and giving tuning recommendations
have help put together a best practices tuning book. The pdf is located on developer works at this url
System Hygiene is important so this document will help as it gives you tips and hints on how to reduce
MIPS usage. A must read for system programmers. I know it will help.
2011 and if you look back 6 months and you look forward from here 6 months, I think everyone
can see that there is a churn in technology happening that impacts business as usual. The new
CIO Business Priorities are out which were surveyed in 2010 and number one with a bullet for
business priorities is to increase enterprise growth. The number one technology priority is
Cloud computing. Both complement each other. From a staff point, it is indeed the new vision
of delivering managed services that will enable this to happen. There are several customers
I have talked with now that have found from an operations perspective, that combining both
distributed skills with mainframe skills within the same services group is starting to payoff.
A simple example can looked at using the Tivoli Enterprise Portal. Now before you dismiss this
because it is not a green screen and to slow, let me describe how the Portal can be leveraged.
When your looking at workload across different platforms which is the concept of zEnterprise, you
need to take into account, zOS and perhaps CICS,DB2. Since this is a fit for purpose system, you
may have a composite part of an application or database running on Power in a blade or Linux on x.
It could even involve some App servers running on Linux on z. There are certainly different sets
of skills that exist in IT today to provide support and management of those resources. Recently I
have seen some Automation teams now crossing the pillar boundaries by using situations, automated
tasks and the Tivoli Portal. A single team now is responsible via change control requests to
build out automation using situations provided by the Tivoli Monitoring solution. It is a combination
of staff but are responsible for building situations, documentation of them, providing actions that are
automated, ensuring that those actions are secure and support of this work. They have started to
combine CPU% from the different OS's in a single workspace with drill down capability to easily
identify within a managed workload using the system of systems, which one of the operating systems
is struggling with the workload. An at a glance view. They also have provided reflex automation
in a simple form that can take action to resolve some of these struggling CPUs. So they manage the
automation as a discipline but it includes the ITM infrastructure capabilities that provide a lot
of the function to find problems before a system or workload blows up. The technology is in place
and now it needs to be leveraged in that end to end composite view based on combining a bunch
of resources that are being managed into a single focused operation or service that supports the
business. I thought, a bright idea to combine distributed skills and zOS skills within the IT dept
to provide a base automation service to reduce MTTR, improve customer service versus two different
groups each dedicated to the existing pillars. What shape are you in?
As the year winds down, probably the last conference of the year was CMG in Orlando. Even in
December I think the attraction is that it is in a warm place, however for those attending, it was
quite chilly so no warm breezes. I presented and discussed using the z platform as a key for cloud.
Simply put, because of the characteristics of the z platform to jump start cloud projects, it has some basic
principles that help it as an enabler. When introducing or trying to roll out a cloud project there
are some discussion points or obstacles that need to be understood. For example, I discussed what
would be required just to provide a web service which would be a key access for all customers because
of the use of the internet. This would be a basic infrastructure delivery. You would need to ensure
24 hour availability of, IP, HTTP, DDHCP, DDNS, just to put out the shingle. Then there is security,
spinning out some storage, usage and billing, etc. etc. This all needs to be done prior to even
advertizing the services available via the cloud. So why the z? First obstacle would be security and
with the z, you get a multi-tenant design point with EAL 5 certification. Supports Virtualization,
a share all approach to systems resources to create the scalability required to reduce costs and deliver
standardized services. Provides availability measured in years, 24 x 7 x 365 with zero data loss recovery.
It is efficient when you look at the energy and power required, up to 80% reduction in costs versus using
the same computing power in a distributed environment. Finally, it is scale, the ability to handle
massive demand of users and data. When interviewed, CxO's point to the importance of cloud for their
enterprise. It could be a public, private or hybrid, but they all point out it is a way to reduce
costs and deliver services for their consumers. It was interesting that at CMG, the attendees that
sat through this session all thought that their IT departments need to be working on their cloud
strategy and for the infrastructure, the z folks had a better grasp of how to leverage what you have
versus buying more IT technology. More about this and managing a zEnterprise in my next update
Several changes for customers of Tivoli and especially the OMEGAMON products have taken place. One
change that took affect on Nov 1 was a change in the way Marketing enhancement requests are going to
take place in the future. In the old process, if an marketing request was required, it would take
the level 2 or 3 person or an IBM rep to open the request and provide customers with the MR number and
perhaps they would get feedback on its progress. Many times it would seem to customers that these
requests went into some DB from which no information ever was returned. In truth, the database being
used had never been "scrubbed" and for me, I had enhancement requests when I took the job of product
manager over 5 years old. The times they are a changing which is good for everyone. The Tivoli portfolio
is moving to a new process for customers.
The Tivoli Request for Enhancement on developerworks is now the way the requests will be handled.
To read more on this, go to http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=swg21449404
Customers will be able to enter directly their requests but will require that they use their customer number,
password, etc. The advantage of this for all parties is that you will be able to see other RFE requests so
that if another customer has a requirement that you feel would also benefit your business, you can add
your name to that request and follow along. Most of the RFE information describing what the request is
can be read by everyone. From Tivoli, we will have a better opportunity to ask for more details and not
have to have several email trails trying to fully understand the request. Certain areas of the request
will remain private, such as the business case for the requirement and how it would benefit your company.
So now it will shed more light on the process, the requests outstanding, work going on and it will be
able to provide for you when the requests come available as this is the front end system now of an
agile process where these requirements can be driven right into a release plan. Rational has been using
this for several years so I think all OMEGAMON customers will like this fresh approach. If you have an
old marketing request, there is no reason in the world why you couldn't open up the same request using the
new process. It is pilot and expect perhaps a few glitches along the way, but overall I think it is will
prove out best for the products and customers. It will be easier to prioritize work if 50 customers want
a particular enhancement request and would see benefits vs just 1.
I also just returned from a meeting of the Swiss Tivoli User Group where they had a dedicated z track for the
customers. In fact, I know the NYC TUG has at least a meeting each year where the z is focused on. If
your a member of a TUG and think that your group could benefit from a z track, let the Tivoli Rep know
and we would be glad to support the meeting. They can always contact me directly. So a bit of vacation
for me over the Thanksgiving holiday as I try to use up the days I have acquired. Enjoy yours.
Well a bit of vacation and catching up. A couple of things to let you all know
about. The OMEGAMON documentation has come up with some improvements about providing
an easier way to use the all the documentation that is provided. The OMEGAMON XE Integrated
Information Center is a redesigned way to access data. Instead of looking within one book about
something, when searching it covers the many books that are delivered with the product. Hopefully
this will make it easier to find what your looking for. It is worth going and looking
at the quick start section which provides some guidance on how to use the changes that have been
added. It has been vastly improved to help install and configure the products. So, recommend you all
check it out. .
This week is zExpo in Boston where it is a bit grey and rainy, much different then the SHARE week,
however I would say, great attendance with a lot of focus on zEnterprise. In discussions with the
attendees a lot of zOS background folks but not many z Networking folks. For the zEnterprise and
the new network connectivity through the OSAs, I would like to point out that for the customer
network and new connections, that OMEGAMON XE for Mainframe Networks has support for these
connections and performance monitoring and folks that are considering using and attaching the
blade extensions would benefit by understanding or monitoring these networks proactively versus
trying to debug with pings, etc when a performance degradation appears. Is it the network?
a constraint with the lpar or blades gets a bit more crucial when your managing by workload and
fit for purpose Providing the visibility into the OSA CHPID types as an example you can have a
connection from app server to CICS, knowing its on internal network and would set higher
expectations for throughput and faster response time so you might set lower threshold on
those connections with a situation to trigger an event sooner and then notify both the network
management folks as well as the folks in charge of the zHMC admin to debug what is going on
in virtual servers and internal network. A lot of customers today work on just making sure the
connections are available, but in the future, besides the connections, performance will be a key
kpi to monitor.
As I discussed in my last blog, Systems management or Service Management. What is the
level of interaction from z IT groups in integrating the z platform and systems. I see this
being addressed in 3 distinct directions. The first one is pretty simple. A centralized
focal point for event management. This seems so simple to do, yet because of a deep seated
history of how events are managed or technologies that are in place, many customers today
still have no enterprise view of what would be deemed an "enterprise" event where all of IT
should have awareness. This lack of visibility and roadblock of not being able to track
events impedes the ability to do service management. Systems management might have several
event management systems, but the lack of integration of these event management systems
basically is costing the business in time, dollars and additional processes. The second
is the understanding or discovery of the systems and subsystems and their relationships or
dependencies that are running on the z platform and being loaded into CMDBs. To provide a
service such as Internet Banking and managing Internet Banking, you must have a total
inventory of all the "stuff" and the relationships of the "stuff" that makes this service
available for the clients. For example, you need a web service available 24 x 7 as part
of this service. You would need to provide, TCP/IP, HTTP, DNS, DHCP all bolted up and
running all the time, plus access security, even before defining what transaction engine
and databases are being used. If you can't define what the total inventory of "stuff"
including the transactions of Internet Banking as a service and what needs to be up and
running. Again, that is going to cost you time, dollars and additional processes.
Both of these IT functions can be done today and are the base building blocks on
moving to Service Management which enables, Cloud, SaaS and other computing models.
So my last discussion here on my blog was about conferences and which ones as
z focused folks that we attend. I was at zExpo in Berlin last week with about
400-450 other z oriented folks. A lot of interactions and networking going on
most of the week. I thought the conference was great. Many sessions were repeated
and that gave a lot of us who always fear that we will pick the wrong session to
go to when you have options to actually see both. The next big conference I guess
would be back to Boston and SHARE in August. At zExpo I spent time talking about
the concept of moving from systems management which for z folks is old hat, to
moving to service management. Seems simple, but talking with the folks in attendance
it was easy to see that many of us are still very focused on ensuring that the
technology that we are responsible for is still how we manage. So, if you are
responsible for the z/OS operating system, that is your focus. When you talk
Cloud computing, SaaS, other new service oriented focused solutions, the idea
of just managing the system or z applications kinda falls flat. A service being
offered in a Cloud could depend on more than one application, security, storage,
networks and all of those items need to be managed as a coordinated action by IT and
measured all together as the service. As z folks, it is understanding that your
SME skills are just part of the team that enables the business to deliver the
service that the clients are paying for. That is what I believe ITIL 3 is about as
we try to enable IT to move out of the silos and establish the service definition
that makes the business successful. I was surprised at the conference that many
of my conversations with the attendees were along the lines of, "yes, I understand
that but my group or dept have not been involved in any of these discussions." Now
that to me was pretty disturbing that the backend systems are generating all this
business value via transactions but when involving a service delivery organization
that the z folks are somewhat participating. It would be nice to see some presentations
from IT folks on how they get organized for service management and are being successful.
Anyway, this is a short thread on the concept of up lifting systems management to the
next level, service management which is what will deliver Cloud, reduce TCO, improve
ROI and create a leaner IT that works smarter and not harder. That is something
we can all rally around.
Spent time at the Automated Operations Technical conference in Philadelphia last
week. Some pretty good updates on the Automation portfolio including Systems Automation
and AF Oper. Also some good details on Netview 5.4 release and all of it included some
down the road thinking. Which made me wonder, for us z folks, which is the conference
where, if we have approval, we would attend? I have some of my own opinions
here on this but I would really like to understand where the subject matter experts on
z systems and subsystems go. There is of course SHARE. They have the early spring
session, just had it in Seattle and the summer SHARE session (the voting one) in Boston
in July. Which one if you had to attend one, would you go to. Then again, would you
go to zExpo as a conference which is an STG sponsored event? That runs once in Europe in
late spring or in NA in early fall. There are also choices like Impact, Pulse for
conferences and like I said, AOTC here in the states or EOTC sponsored by the GSE group in
Europe. Are conferences not worth it? Can we get the info we need from the WWW or forum
discussions or linked in groups? Certainly the networking is better at a conference but
if you had to pick one, which one? I would be interested in hearing or reading any posted
comments on this. There are probably conferences that I have not listed. CMG for one, but
is that where you would go to get a broad view on what is happening on the z platform? I know
with some conferences you could get a deep view of say, workload schedulers, or security, etc.
but where, in your opinion, do you go to get a deep view of what is happening on the z.
Let me know,
I have been trying to catch up on things but simply seem to never have
enough time. Last week, I was out at SHARE in Seattle. It seemed to be
about the same size and attendance that was in Austin. The key note on z
this year was Tom Rosamilia from IBM and STG in particular. He spent time
going over the game plan on how the z platform and operating system are
constantly changing to handle new workloads, applications and data. Some
great charts on 13 customer scenarios where customers have decided that for
some reason, an application is more cost effective to run on a distributed
open systems platform. I get asked this question all the time in my travels.
I was just in the Total solutions on system z event in Amsterdam where
a system programmer asked for help with this business justification. The
question seems to be asked at least several times a year with the idea that
it would be a cost savings. So the chart gave 13 examples from different
customers where an analysis was done on this concept. The answer was not
much of surprise to the audience, but the details of what data was gathered
for the analysis was what I thought a total sizing. I would bet if you log on
to the SHARE web site this presentation would be available to view and peruse.
It goes back to the same discussions that happened at PULSE a week earlier
when the discussions came up for when a Unit of Work becomes less on a
z platform then a multiple core distributed platforms. That discussion brought
up the crossover point at something around 250 MIPS.
A lot of presentations at SHARE this year on virtualization of everything. It
seems a lot of customers are beyond getting their feet wet now running workloads
on z/VM and Linux on z. A Tivoli perspective on this is that most of our tooling
runs on Linux on z in 64 bit mode and customers can use the z platform as a
centralized platform for managing the end to end enterprise. The approach
which was announced at PULSE in 2008 was that we needed to port our key
applications for integrated service management to Linux on z which is what
development has delivered on. Customers wanting to use the z platform for
its scalability, availability are able now to use both the z/OS Native and z/VM
and Linux on z to build out these service management application. I expect when
summer SHARE happens at Boston, then I believe we will see more and more customer
presentations virtualization and how customers are integrating tooling solutions
to generate better efficiencies for the IT staff on how to reduce costs and improve