Client Insights, Senior Consultant
Center for Applied Insights
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Some things are bad to do by committee, creating a work of art, cooking dinner, closing a baseball game – and sometimes committees are a necessity. Security and risk committees are an essential part of any enterprise’s security and risk management infrastructure. They are a sign of a mature organization. By promoting collaboration across the enterprise and making security and the associated risk discussions an integral part of senior leadership’s responsibilities, the enterprise can be better protected. Yet, even though the benefits are clear, not enough enterprises have one.
A study released last week by the Carnegie Mellon CyLab, looking at privacy and security governance in the Forbes Global 2000, reported that boards and senior leadership still are not exercising appropriate governance over the privacy and security of their digital assets. The study stated that there is still a significant gap in understanding around the fact that security, privacy and IT risk are all a part of enterprise risk management.
The study did note one encouraging sign – that more and more enterprises have cross-functional privacy/security committees – 70% of 2012 respondents versus 17% in 2008. These committees can act as a bridge to boards and senior leadership and elevate the discussion around security and risk, potentially closing the governance gap.
These findings line up very nicely with what we recently uncovered as part of our 2012 CISO Assessment. Overall, only 49% of the total sample reported that they had a security or risk committee. When we delved deeper, 68% of the most mature group of organizations, Influencers, had a security/risk committee. In comparison, only 26% of the least confident and mature group, Responders, had one.
What was interesting was, regardless of the organization’s overall security maturity level, if they had a security or risk committee they shared similar characteristics. In general, leaders of the committees tended to be Senior IT Executives (28%), CISOs (24%) or Senior Business Executives (22%). These committees met on a fairly regular basis, with 48% meeting quarterly and 27% meeting monthly.
The security and risk committees also took a comprehensive, enterprise-wide approach with both business and IT representation. From the business side, the most represented functions included Compliance (80%), Legal (65%), Business Executives (64%), Business Operations (64%), and Finance (59%). From the IT side, IT Executives (91%), IT Operations (72%), Network Operations (60%), and Data Governance (51%) were all a part of a majority of the committees.
Finally, as part of the CISO Assessment we looked at the primary objectives of the security/risk committees. Looking at the chart below we can see that, based on their top two choices, most committees were primarily focused on developing enterprise security strategy and developing action plans and recommendations. So should committees only be focused on strategic policy and governance issues? Is there more they could be doing?
At IBM, our risk management team meets quarterly with a top advisory committee, including senior vice presidents of all the business units, who report directly to the CEO. These include the leaders of many functional areas including finance, marketing, technology and others. Each of these executives must understand the security risks to his or her unit and what controls are in place. Together, they shape and decide strategy. Security, after all, is intimately tied not only to their units, but to the future of the enterprise.
- Make sure your committee has both technical and business leadership representation and make sure it is connected to the highest levels of the enterprise and the board. The committee can be the gateway between the enterprise and the board with respect to information risk management.
- Ensure your committee is broad and diverse. Compliance, legal, finance and IT operations representation is expected. Reach further, make sure business unit leaders are involved so new products and services are created in a secure fashion. Include human resources to help with employee education initiatives.
- Set up a way to measure the progress of the committee. Using targeted metrics can help focus not only the committee, but the entire security organization for the enterprise. It will provide something to work towards and make it easier to communicate with the board.